Recent years have seen the fastest development of infrastructure in the history of Poland. Over a decade only domestic road projects completed by GDDKiA consumed about EUR 34 billion (including European funds of EUR 10 billion).
For the first time we can take pride in a considerable network of motorways exceeding 1,600 km and a network of expressways of nearly the same length. Apart from national roads, about 3,400 km of ‘central’ transport routes were built. Over a few years we have found our place among European leaders in terms of the length of motorways and expressways. At present, we are ranked sixth, and
only Germany, France, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom are better.
The best, record-breaking result was achieved in 2012, when nearly 650 km of roads (including 294 km of motorways and 330 km of expressways) were commissioned. In the following year only 350 km were built (including 120 km of motorways and more than 180 km of expressways). A similar result was recorded in 2014 when 328 km of roads were commissioned, including less than 63 km of motorways. Unfortunately, only 118 km of such roads were built in 2016.
Recently, the investments have seen a decreasing share of motorways compared to expressways. This trend is to be maintained in the coming years. The programme for 2014–2020 anticipates the construction of nearly 72 km of motorways, more than 1790 km of
expressways and 35 ring roads with a total length of approx. 366 km.
The A4 motorway is a fully completed investment. The route is 672 km long and it runs from Jędrzychowice (Polish-German border) to the Polish-Ukrainian border crossing in Korczowa. The final section from Rzeszów to Jarosław, exceeding 40 kilometres, was opened in July 2016.
The situation on the A2 is definitely worse. Its construction between Warsaw and the western state border was completed but passage through the capital city is very difficult and it will remain so until the last section of the southern ring road is built. A lot of time will pass before we are able to travel comfortably between the capital city and Terespol. The A1 motorway looks more optimistic with the section between Piotrków Trybunalski and the Silesian conurbation remaining to be completed.
A huge success of completed investments is a comfortable connection between Warsaw and Łódź and with Wrocław (via A1 and S8). However, there is still the problem of connecting the Tri-City to Kraków, and although the construction of the S7 is a priority for the coming years, for the time being we cannot count on uninhibited
fast travelling from the Polish seaside to the mountains.